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Mikmaq Woman as in 1400's - courtesy of Mike Price, private collection

 

Native American Genealogy

 

 

 
Researching your indigenous roots may  be emotionally challenging regardless of your real motivations for doing so. You may wish to gain tribal membership, find lost relatives or just hope to learn more about your cultureal heritage. There are many paths you will need to take,  but if you have the patience, you will achieve your goals.

Before starting your research, you will need to be familiar with some recognized terms.

  • HENDERSON ROLL: This is a Census Roll of Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi for 1835. It is very difficult to read but there is an available Index.
     
  • DAWES ROLL: This is a tribal membership roll created by Congress for each of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes. The Roll was closed in 1907 with over 101,000 names but in 1914 Congress added 312 more members. If you are searching for an ancestor from one of these tribes, you must find them on the Dawes Final Roll to gain tribal membership.
     
  • GUION MILLER ROLLS: This roll was completed in 1910 and lists those who were Eastern Cherokee during the Treaties of 1835-36 and 1845 or their descendants.
     
  • US. FEDERAL CENSUS: The United States began taking a census in ten year increments in the year 1790. The Census Records for 1790-1850, however, did not include a category for Indians. For an Indian to be listed during those years they had to have been living in a white or black settlement and even then they would have been listed as white or black. In 1860 Indians were included in the Census but only if they paid taxes. In 1870 non-tax paying Indians were added but it wasn't until 1890 that anyone living on a reservation was added to the Census. Unfortunately, the entire 1890 Census was destroyed by fire so 1900 is the first real Census to include Indians both on and off the reservation.
     
  • AGENCY ROLLS: Various reservation agents throughout the country created membership rolls for the tribes in their areas.

Beginning Your Research

 

To start your search you will need to make a list of all the names of your birth family. Begin with yourself and work back listing your parents and each of their parents and so on. When you have listed every generation you can remember, start asking everyone in your family if they can fill in any names you don't have on your list. Include any nicknames or Indian names as well. As you make your list, write down where that person was born, died, is buried or where they lived at specific times.

In your search you will most likely need to do research at the Oklahoma Historical Society's Archives. Below is a list of information that they will need to assist Since their only location is in Oklahoma City, and they are not able to do your research for you, you may have to do some traveling. It is important to make time in your schedule to be prepared when you arrive.

*** Searching the Five Tribes***

1. Which family member was Native American or living with a tribe in Indian Territory during 1900? With which tribe did he/she live? In order for a person to apply for the Dawes Roll he/she had to physically live with the tribe on tribal land. If your ancestor lived outside of the tribal area during enrollment, then he/she did not qualify for enrollment. If you have another family member who is on a tribal roll, such as an aunt or uncle, verify his/her parents names and birth places. While his/her information may not help you get on the tribal rolls it may help to fill in names or information that you did not have.If you found your ancestor on the 1900 U S Census (available in the Oklahoma Historical Society's Research Library) and he/she is listed as being white, then 99% of the time he/she will not have been enrolled in a tribe. If you found your ancestor lived in Indian Territory during 1900 then they may be listed on the 1900 Indian Territory Census-Indian Schedule located on the first floor in the Research Library.

2. The Oklahoma Historical Society's Research Library and Archives have copies of the final Dawes Roll for the Five Tribes. Once you have the name or names of your ancestors you believe to be Native American you can look them up in the final rolls. Always cross check other tribal rolls. Sometimes a person may have inadvertently ended up on a roll for the tribe that their spouse belonged to or the roll for a tribe which lived nearby.

3. If you find your ancestor on a Dawes Roll then you need to get a copy of their enrollment card. The Oklahoma Historical Society's Research Library and Archives has the Dawes Rolls, as does the Southwest Branch of the National Archives in Ft. Worth, Texas.

*** Plains and Woodland Tribes***

1. Check the 1900 U.S. Census (Oklahoma Historical Society's Research Library) for your ancestor.

2. Check the allotment rolls for your ancestor in each agency you are researching. These are available in the Archives. If you find your ancestor listed on the roll it will have a description of their allotment which you need to copy. The agency rolls may be listed by the tribal name or by the agency.

Once the information above is located, the Archives can direct you in the next step in tracing your Native American ancestor.

RESOURCES

There are innumerable resources available for researching your family roots. Below are just a few to get you started.

Archive Resources

1. ** "Native American Records. The collection contains 3.5 million documents and 6,000 volumes representing 66 of the 67 native tribes that reside in Indian Territory. (Osage records can be found at the Southwest Branch of the National Archives in Ft. Worth, TX). Other resources include the 1 12-volume Indian-Pioneer History, a collection of oral histories done by the Federal Writers Project in 1937."

2. Indian Confederate Records and Union Muster Rolls.

3. Indian Archives Index. Section "X" Vertical files include genealogies, biography files, information on Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory.
** Section X, the Archives' vertical files, contains news clippings, information on Native Americans and pioneers, and more."

4. Oral Interviews 1937-1938 and oral histories (written, oral, and video).
** "Oral histories include many subjects and individuals with over 5,000 interviews and recorded events. Extensive indexes are provided by name."

5. Manuscript collections.
** "These represent unpublished collections of public and private papers, scrapbooks, business records, collections of scholars, and more. Guides to collections and limited indexes are available."

6. Photography collections.
** "The Photographic section contains 720,000 images that range from the late 1850's to the present with many subjects represented."

7. Numerous old maps.

8. Newspaper archives from state and tribal sources. (please see listings of tribes on this page)
** "The Newspaper collection contains 28,000 reels, of microfilm on state newspapers from 1844 to the present Some indexing is available. Newspapers often are a good source for marriage and death notices."

 
 

 

Important Advice for Beginners

 

If you are an absolute beginner and haven't a clue as to how to start your genealogy research, then you need to know where to start. Researching your family history can be frustrating, but by following these tips, your research will become less challenging.

Start off with your own family tree, and of course start with yourself. .....Your next step, if you have a family of your own, is to work forwards............'Forwards?'  Of course, if you want to include your own children; grandchildren and maybe even great grandchildren !

. At this point, you're going to work backwards. If you can achieve this next step without problems, you are well on your way to researching your family tree !

  1. Two Parents.
  2. Four Grandparents
  3. Eight Great-grandparents
  4. Sixteen Great-Great-grandparents
  5. Thirty-two Great-Great-Great-grandparents!

 

How's that for a good beginning ? You need to add to the above list - Aunts; Uncles; Cousins and Siblings of all these people and you could already have a list running into the thousands!

Avoid becoming discouraged, because very few researchers achieve this goal. But if you make it something to strive for, it will benefit your work immensely.

 

Here is a list of the information you need:

  • Date of Birth (and time if poss.)

  • Date of Christening/Baptism etc.

  • Date of Confirmation etc.

  • Date of marriage - also name of spouse and his/her parents names.

  • Date of Death. Cause of Death.

  • Date of Burial/Cremation.

  • Copies of any Certificates.

 

In addition to the above, you may come across details of  where they worked; school records; addresses, or any type of information that will help you ' Try to draw a picture' of the people you are researching.

 Don't forget to ask to see any old photographs your family members have in their keeping. You may be surprised to find how much information may be written on the back of these photos. Your family may let you have some of these photos for your collection. Or you may be allowed to have them copied. You may also have a scanner with your PC, so you can copy the photos, plus any documents you may come across. ( If you copy any documents such as birth certificates etc, I recommend that you print 'Scanned copy for research purposes'  at the top left hand corner or better still if your printer has a watermark feature, use this instead), you don't want to be accused of being a counterfeiter!

Remember this essential advice :

*  Begin with yourself and your immediate family and what you know for certain.
Gather the information, papers and documents you and your immediate family have and study them.

*  Work backwards, proving each step, twice if possible, purchasing copies of certificates if necessary. Don't forget, if you can borrow original certificates, you can scan or photocopy them much cheaper.

*  Cross check - fill in pedigree and family group charts in pencil until you are quite sure you have all the details correct.

*  Do not neglect siblings. It's not uncommon that your 5 times great grandmother had married her husbands brother after the husbands death. .

*  Remember an individual may have two or three given names: and may use the last rather than the first;  may be known far and wide by a nickname that has nothing to do with any of them;  may be known by one name at home, another at school and a third in later life. Also it was not uncommon for a child to be named after a sibling that had died. Or for a person to remarry and give a name to a child, where a child from a previous marriage also has the same name ! (very confusing)

*  Try and kill off all (already dead) relatives, in other words find the death date.  An ancestor without a death date is, to exaggerate only slightly, a loose cannon on the deck of family history.  Could there be another family, another career, a mystery?

*  Almost certainly a skeleton or two lurks - the criminal (not just the wronged convict who made good), the illegitimate ('of course we never talked about her father'), the mentally ill ('your grandmother's Aunt Susan was always a little odd and she went to live in Alaska).  It may be fascinating to you (and explain some of those silences in your childhood), but be very careful of your relatives' feelings and privacy.  Handle the situation sensitively and you may be trusted with information in the future.

*  Always remember that some of your relatives may (a) be not interested and/or (b) consider you downright nosey.  But handled carefully and respectfully they may become both interested and helpful.


 

Off-site links to sites on Native American Genealogy

 

 

http://cyndislist.com/

http://www.nativeweb.org/resources/genealogy_tracing_roots_/

http://www.native-languages.org/genealogy.htm

http://www.hanksville.org/NAresources/indices/NAgenealogy.html

http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/

http://groups.msn.com/NativeAmericanGenealogy

http://www.angelfire.com/tx/carolynegenealogy/

http://www.nativeculturelinks.com/indian_genealogy.html

 

 

 

 

 

Listings of North American Nations

 

 
Genealogy

 

 

 


 

ABENAKI

  • Abenaki History - a general site
  • Wabanaki and Abenaki Internet Resources

     

    ACCOHANNOCK

  •  Accohannock Tribe

     

    ALABAMA-COUSHATTA

  •  Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas

     

    ALASKA NATIVES

  • Chickaloon Village Traditional Council
  •  Cook Inlet Tribal Council
  •  Igiugig Village 

     

  •  Kanatak - The Native Tribe of Kanatak, Alaska.

     

  • Koyukuk Village - The Yukon-Koyukuk School District.

     

  • Sealaska Corporation -  The Haida, Tlingit, and Tsimshian peoples of southeast Alaska 
  •  

     

    ALGONQUIN

  •  Ardoch Algonquin First Nation -

     

    APACHE

  •  Fort Apache Indian Reservation
  • Jicarilla Apache:
  • White Mountain Apache Tribe
  •  

    ARAPAHO

  • Arapaho Business Council Added 6/20/97

     

    ARIKARA

  •  Three Affiliated Tribes - Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara.

     

    ASSINIBOINE

  • Fort Belknap Tribal Council

     

    ASSINIBOINE SIOUX

  •  
  • Fort Peck Tribal Council

     

    ATHABASKAN

  • Chickaloon Village Traditional Council
  • Koyukuk Village

     

    BLACKFEET

  •  Blackfeet Nation - official web site.
  •  

     

    CADDO

  • Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
  • Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma

     

    CARRIER

  •  Carrier Sekani Tribal Council

     

    CATAWBA

  •  Catawba People

    CAYUGA

  •  Gayogoho:no (The People of the Great Swamp)

     

    CHEROKEE

  •  Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
  •  Southern Cherokee Nation -
  •  Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokee
  •  Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
  •  Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory
  •  Tsalagiyi Nvdagi (Cherokee in Texas)
  •  

     

    CHEYENNE

  • Eagle Wing -  Northern Cheyenne website,
  •  Northern Cheyenne Net
  •  

    CHICKASAW

  •  Chickasaw Nation

     

    CHIPPEWA - consult: OJIBWE/CHIPPEWA

    CHIPPEWA CREE

  • Chippewa Cree Tribal Council
  • Little Shell Tribe

     

    CHITIMACHA

  • Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw of Louisiana

     

    CHOCTAW

  •  Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  •  

    CHUMASH

  • The Chumash Indians

     

    CLATSOP

  • Clatsop Nehalem Confederated Tribe

     

    COHARIE

  • Coharie Indian Tribe -

     

    COMANCHE

  •  Comanche Nation
  •  

    COSTANOAN

  •  Costanoan-Ohlone Indian Canyon Resource

               Please consult:  Esselen

     

    COWLITZ

  • Cowlitz Indian Tribe

     

    CREE

  •  York Factory First Nation
  •  

     

    CREEK

  •  Muscogee Creek Nation
  •  The Poarch Band of Creek Indians

     

    CROW

  • Crow Tribal Council

     

    DAKOTA

    -Consult: LAKOTA/DAKOTA below

    DELAWARE

  •  Delaware Tribe of Indians (Oklahoma)

     

    DENE

  • Dene Cultural Institute

    ESSELEN

  •  Esselen Tribe of Monterey County
  •  Ohlone/Costanoan Esselen Nation
  • Esselen Indians

    (Consult also Costanoan)

     

    FLATHEAD - (SALISH or KOOTENAI)

    GITXSAN

  •   Gitxsan Chief's Office

     

    GOSHUTE

  •  Skull Valley Goshutes

     

    GROS VENTRE

  •  Fort Belknap Indian Reservation
  • Fort Belknap Tribal Council
  •  The Gros Ventre of Montana -

     

    GWITCH'IN

  •  Old Crow - Land of the Vuntut Gwitch'i

     

    HAIDA

  •  Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska

     

    HALIWA-SAPONI

  • Haliwa-Saponi Indians -

     

    HAWAIIAN NATIVES

  •  Nation of Hawai'i
  •  

    HIDATSA

  •  Three Affiliated Tribes - Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara.

    HO CHUNK

  • Ho-Chunk Nation and Nebraska Winnebago Tribe -
  •  Ho Chunk Nation of Wisconsin
  •  

     

    HOHOKAM

  • Hohokam Indians of the Tucson Basin -

     

    HOPI

  •  The Hopi Tribe
  •  
  •  
  •  

    HOUMA

  •  United Houma Nation

     

    HUPA

  •  Hoopa Valley Tribe Added 11/12/04
  •  Tsnungwe Council - the official page of the Tsnungwe Council

     

    HURON

    - see WYANDOT

     

    ILLINOIS

  • The Illini Confederacy - Lords of the Mississippi Valley

     

    INNU

  •  Innu Nation/Mamit Innuat

     

    INUIT

  •  Nunavut -  home page for the new Native Canadian territory.
  •  

     

    INUPIAQ/INUPIAT

  • Inupiaq(Inupiat) - Alaska Native Cultural Profile

     

    IOWA

  •  
  •  Iowa Nation of Oklahoma

     

    IROQUOIS

  •  

     

  •  
  •  Deskaheh - Hodenosaunee (Iroquois) Statesman and Patriot
  •  
  •  

     

  • Ganondagan State Historic Site
  •  The Great Peace CD-ROM - Iroquois history and culture
  • Hodenosaunee Links -
  • The Iroquois Confederacy Information Section
  • Iroquois Confederacy Links
  •  
  •  
  •  Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse Website
  • www.Kahonwes.com
  •  Kanatiyosh' Hodenosaunee
  •  
     Tribes of the Confederacy: 
    
    Mohawk
    Oneida
    Onondaga
    Seneca
    Tuscarora
    

     

    KALISPEL

  • Kalispel Indians

     

    KARUK

  •  Karuk Tribe of California

     

    KAW

  • Kaw Nation of Oklahoma

     

    KAWAIISU

  •  The Kawaiisu Tribe

     

    KIOWA

  • Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma
  •  

     

    KLALLAM

  •  Elwha Klallam Tribe

     

    KLAMATH

  •  Klamath Tribes Added

    KOOTENAI

  • Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribal Council

     

    KUMEYAAY

  • Kumeyaay Nation - in southern California

    LAKOTA/DAKOTA

  •  Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
  •  Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux History
  • Lakota Mall -  web sites from the Pine Ridge Reservation
  •  Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Community Added 7/3/00
  •  Prairie Island Indian Community - Mdewakanton Dakota reservation in Minnesota
  •  Rosebud Sioux Tribe
  • Lakota na Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin (Lakota/Dakota Information Home Page)
  • Sioux Heritage

     

    LENAPE

    - see DELAWARE

     

    LUMBEE

  •  Official Home Page of the Lumbee Tribe
  •  

    MAKAH

  •  Makah Nation
  •  The Makah Nation on Washington's Olympic Peninsula

     

    MANDAN

  •  Three Affiliated Tribes - Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara.

     

    MATTAPONI

  • Mattaponi Indian Reservation

     

    MEHERRIN

  • Meherrin Indians -

     

    MELUNGEON

  • Melungeon

     

    MENOMINEE

  •  Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
  •  The Menominee Clans Story

     

    METIS

  • Canadian Metis

     

    MIAMI

  •  Miami Nation - with links to the Miami Nation of Indians of Indiana and the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  •  

     

    MICMAC

  •  Aroostook Band of Micmacs
  •  

     

    MINGO

  • Mingo Indians

     

    MISSION INDIANS

  •  Cabazon Band of Mission Indians
  •  Juaneno Band of Mission Indians - Acjachemem Indian Nation

     

    MIWOK

  •  Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria
  • Southern Miwok (Yosemite) Indian People -

     Miwok (Yosemite) people

    MOHAWK

  •  Band Council System of Government Among the Canadian Mohawk
  •  The Founding of the Kahniakehaka (Mohawk) Nation Council
  •  Kahniakehake (People of the Flint) - Mohawk overview
  •  www.kahonwes.com - Kahon:wes' Mohawk & Iroquois Index -
  •  Kanatsiohareke Mohawk Community -  traditional eastern New York homelands.
  •  The Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs
  •  Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne
  •  St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Environment Division
  •  The Thunderwater Movement
  •  Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory
  •  The Wampum Chronicles - A Website of Mohawk History A

     

    MOHEGAN

  • Mohegan Tribe Added 2/28/98
  • Mohegan History
  • Native American Mohegans

     

    MOHICAN

  •  Mohican Nation, Stockbridge-Munsee Band - offical tribal site
  • The Stockbridge Munsee Tribe of Mohican Indians (

     

    MONACAN

  •  Monacan Indian Tribe

     

    MONTAUKETTS

  •  Mantaukette Indian Nation
  •  

     

    NANSEMOND

  •  Nansemond Indian Tribal Association

     

    NANTICOKE

  •   Nanticoke Indian Tribe

     

    NARRAGANSETT

  • Narragansett Indian Tribe

     

    NAVAJO/DINE

  •  Navajo Genealogy and Family History of Harrison Lapahie
  •  Navajo Nation Home Page
  • Navajo Code Talkers -
  • Navajo: Dine (The People)
  •  
  •  

  • NEZ PERCE

  • Nez Perce Tribe

     

    NISGA'A

  • Welcome to My World of the Nisga'a Nation

     

    NOOKSACK

  • Nooksack Indian Tribe -

     

    NOOTKA

  •  Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council

     

    OHLONE

  •  Muwekma Ohlone Indian Tribe
  • Ohlone Resources

     

    OJIBWE/CHIPPEWA

  •  Great Lakes Intertribal Council - of Wisconsin. web pages for all Wisconsin Chippewa communities.
  • An Introduction to Ojibway Culture and History
  •  Lac Courte Oreilles Area Website
  •  
  • Red Lake Nation -  Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians in Minnesota. 
  •  Sandy Lake Band of Ojibwe -
  •  Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
  •  White Earth Debwii -
  •  Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reservation - home of the Ojibway and Ottawa in Ontario.

     

    ONEIDA

  •  Oneida Nation Home Page -
  •  Oneida Nation - in Wisconsin
  • Onyota'a:ka (People of the Standing Stone)

    ONONDAGA

    Onoda'gega (People of the Hills) -

     

    OSAGE

  •  The Osage Tribe

     

    OTTAWA

  •  Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reservation - home of the Ojibway and Ottawa in Ontario.

     

    PAIUTE

  •  Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe
  •  Pyramid Lake Paiute Home Page
  •  The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Indians

     

    PAMUNKEY

  •  Pamunkey Indian tribe
  • The Unofficial Pamunkey Indian Homepage

     

    PASSAMAQUODDY

  •  Passamaquoddy Tribe at Pleasant Point

     

    PAWNEE

  •  Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma

     

    PEORIA

  •  Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma

     

    PEQUOT

  •  Mashantucket Pequot Musem & Research Center

    PIMA

  •  Gila River Indian Community

     

     

    PISCATAWAY

  •  Cedarville Band of Piscataway Indians
  •  The Piscataway Nation & Tayac Territory

     

    POMO

  •  Habematolel Pomo Indians of Upper Lake
  •  Kashaya Band of Pomo Indians

     

    POTAWATOMI

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation
  •  Forest County Potawatomi
  • Smokey McKinney's Prairie Band Potawatomi

     

    POWHATAN

  •  Powhatan Renape Nation - Rankokus Indian reservation

     

    PUEBLO

  •  New Mexico's Pueblo Indians -
  •  
  •  Pueblo of Jemez Department of Resource Protection
  •  Pueblo of Sandia
  •  

     

    QUAPAW

  •  The Official Quapaw Website

     

    QUINAULT

  •  Quinault Indian Nation

     

    SAC AND FOX

  •  Sac and Fox Nation

    SALISH

  • Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribal Council
  •  The People's Center - Confederated Salish, Kootenai, and Pend d'Oreille Tribal Nations of Montana Ad
  • Brian Thom's Coast Salish Home Page

     

    SAPONI

  •  The Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation

     

    SEMINOLE

  •  Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

     

  •  Seminole Tribe of Florida

    SENECA

  •  Onodowahgah (The People of the Great Hill) - Seneca
  •  Seneca Nation of Indians -
  • Seneca Nation of Indians - web site of tribal member Bradley N. Jimerson on the Allegany Seneca Reservation in western New York state.
  •  

     

    SHAWNEE

  •  Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

     

    SHINNECOCK

    Lost Indian Lands - Shinnecock lands on Long Island

     

    SHOSHONE

  •  Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe
  • Northern Utah Shoshone History -
  • Eastern Shoshone Business Council

     

    SHUSWAP

  •  Secwepemc Shuswap Nation

     

    SILETZ

  •  Confederated Tribes of Siletz (Oregon)

     

    SIOUX

    - Consult  LAKOTA/DAKOTA

     

    SPOKANE

  •  Spokane Tribe of Indians

     

    SUQUAMISH

  •  Suquamish Tribe

     

    SWINOMISH

  •  Free Swinomish

     

    TAINO

  • Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken

     

    TLINGIT

  •  Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
  •  Kuiu Thlingit Nation
  •  

    TONKAWA

  •  Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma

    TUSCARORA

  • Tuscarora and Six Nations Websites
  •  Southern Band Tuscarora Indian Tribe

     

    UMATILLA

  •  The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

     

    UMPQUA

  •  Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians

     

    UTE

  •  Southern Ute Indian Tribe
  • Utah Division of Indian Affairs - Ute and other tribes in Utah.
  • Ute

     

    WABANAKI- see ABENAKI

    WACCAMAW

  • Waccamaw-Siouan Tribe of North Carolina

     

    WAMPANOAG

  •  Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
  •  Seaconke Wampanoag Tribe, Wampanoag Nation
  • Wampanoag History

     

    WARM SPRINGS INDIANS

  •  The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Indians

     

    WASHOE

  •  The Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California

     

    WEA

  •  Wea Indian Tribe

     

    WICHITA

  •  Wichita & Affiliated Tribes -

     

    WINNEBAGO - see HO CHUNK

    WINTU

  •  Winnemem Wintu Tribe

     

    WIYOT

  • Wiyot Tribe Added

    WYANDOT

  •  Wyandotte Band of Anderdon
  • Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma
  •  Wyandot Nation of Kansas
  • Huron/Wendat Confederacy
  • Four Huron wampum records [microform] : a study of aboriginal American history and mnemonic symbols / by Horatio Hale ; with notes and addenda by E.B. Tylor. - full text from Early Canadiana Online
  • Petun Research Institute -

     

    YOKUTS

  •  Tachi Yokut of the Santa Rosa Rancheria
  •  Choinumni Yokuts Tribe

     Agayuliyararput - Our Way of Making Prayer -

     

    YUROK

  • Alfred Kroeber and the Ethnographic Representation of the Yurok Indians of Northwestern California - from the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at the University of CA, Berkeley.




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